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Table 2 Proximate composition of cereals

From: The impact of the Green Revolution on indigenous crops of India

Cereals Moisture (%) Crude protein (%) Fat (%) Ash (%) Crude fiber (%) Carbohydrates (%) Thiamine (mg) Riboflavin (mg) Niacin (mg) Ca (mg) P (mg) Fe (mg) Zn (mg)
Rough rice 14.00 5.80–7.70 1.50–2.30 2.90–5.20 7.20–10.40 64.00–73.00 0.26–0.33 0.06–0.11 2.90–5.60 10.00–80.00 170.00–390.00 1.40–6.00 1.70–3.10
Brown rice 7.10–11.60 5.90–11.00 1.60–2.80 0.43–2.34 0.22–0.95 71.31–84.75 0.29–0.61 0.04–0.14 3.50–5.30 10.00–50.00 170.00–430.00 0.20–5.20 0.60–2.80
Milled rice 9.93 9.16 1.24 4.43 1.04 74.80 0.02–0.11 0.02–0.06 1.30–2.40 10.0–30.0 80.0–150.0 0.20–2.80 0.60–2.30
Red-colored rice 9.30–13.10 7.16–10.85 1.15–3.19 0.28–0.61 0.82–1.5 70.75–81.29 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Chak-haoamubi (Manipur black-colored rice) 11.60 8.80 1.00 0.30 0.50 78.00 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Wheat 12.00 11.60 2.00 1.60 2.00 71.00 0.41 0.10 5.10 30.00 315.00 3.50 2.85
Maize 12.00 9.20 4.60 1.20 2.80 73.00 0.38 0.20 3.60 26.00 279.00 2.70 2.27
Sorghum 12.00 10.40 3.10 1.60 2.00 70.70 0.38 0.15 4.30 25.00 274.00 5.40 1.96
Pearl millet 12.00 11.80 4.80 2.20 2.30 67.00 0.38 0.21 2.80 42.00 289.00 11.00 2.76
Finger millet 12.00 7.70 1.50 2.60 3.60 72.60 0.42 0.19 1.10 350.00 210.00 3.90 2.53
Foxtail millet 12.00 11.20 4.00 3.30 6.70 63.20 0.59 0.11 3.20 31.00 2.80
Little millet 12.00 9.70 5.20 5.40 7.60 60.90 0.30 0.09 3.20 17.00 130.00 9.30 1.82
Barnyard millet 12.00 11.00 3.90 4.50 13.60 55.00 0.33 0.10 4.20 22.0 18.60
Kodo millet 12.00 9.80 3.60 3.30 5.20 66.60 0.15 0.09 2.00 35.00 101.00 1.70 1.65
  1. The values provided are mean values (sources: [37,38,39,40,41,42,43,44,45,46])
  2. NA not available
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